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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2012 Jun;341(3):725-34. doi: 10.1124/jpet.111.191247. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Attenuation of cisplatin-induced renal injury by inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase involves nuclear factor κB signaling.

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  • 1Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

Abstract

Acute kidney injury is associated with a significant inflammatory response that has been the target of renoprotection strategies. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are anti-inflammatory cytochrome P450-derived eicosanoids that are abundantly produced in the kidney and metabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH; Ephx2) to less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids. Genetic disruption of Ephx2 and chemical inhibition of sEH were used to test whether the anti-inflammatory effects of EETs, and other lipid epoxide substrates of sEH, afford protection against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. EET hydrolysis was significantly reduced in Ephx2(-/-) mice and was associated with an attenuation of cisplatin-induced increases in serum urea nitrogen and creatinine levels. Histological evidence of renal tubular damage and neutrophil infiltration was also reduced in the Ephx2(-/-) mice. Likewise, cisplatin had no effect on renal function, neutrophil infiltration, or tubular structure and integrity in mice treated with the potent sEH inhibitor 1-adamantan-1-yl-3-(1-methylsulfonyl-piperidin-4-yl-urea) (AR9273). Consistent with the ability of EETs to interfere with nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling, the observed renoprotection was associated with attenuation of renal NF-κB activity and corresponding decreases in the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, TNF receptor (TNFR) 1, TNFR2, and intercellular adhesive molecule-1 before the detection of tubular injury. These data suggest that EETs or other fatty acid epoxides can attenuate cisplatin-induced kidney injury and sEH inhibition is a novel renoprotective strategy.

PMID:
22414856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3362876
Free PMC Article

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