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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2012;158(3):281-7. doi: 10.1159/000332929. Epub 2012 Mar 6.

Diagnostic value of specific IgE analysis in latex allergy.

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  • 1Division of Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey. unselmehmet@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The precision of the methods used to diagnose latex allergy is of great importance due to false-positive results. Neither the skin prick test (SPT) nor the latex-specific IgE assay has 100% diagnostic accuracy. We analysed the diagnostic value of latex-specific IgE by the first-ever concomitant use of the SPT and nasal provocation test (NPT).

METHODS:

Twenty-seven latex-sensitive patients (group 1), 46 aeroallergen-sensitive patients (group 2a) and 33 healthy subjects (group 2b) participated in the study. All groups underwent an SPT with latex and aeroallergens and an NPT with latex. Latex-specific IgE and total IgE levels were measured by the ImmunoCAP assay.

RESULTS:

Latex-specific IgE was positive in 92.6, 30.4 and 9.1% of groups 1, 2a and 2b, respectively. The 11 aeroallergen-sensitive patients in group 1 and all of the patients in group 2a were predominantly sensitised to pollens (grass, weed and tree) and reacted to a lesser degree to house dust mite, moulds and animal dander. Combined pollinosis was remarkably more prevalent in patients with positive latex-specific IgE in group 2a than in those with negative latex-specific IgE (p = 0.001). The NPT was positive in 84.6% of group 1 and negative in all control subjects. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value of the latex-specific IgE assay were 90.9, 72.2, 96.3 and 50%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The high rate of false-positive results for latex-specific IgE by ImmunoCAP should be taken into account when making a diagnosis of latex allergy in patients with pollinosis, especially in those sensitised to more than one pollen species.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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