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Adv Clin Chem. 2012;56:75-104.

Advances in antibiotic measurement.

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  • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, USA. amitava.dasgupta@uth.tmc.edu


Antibiotics are most commonly prescribed drugs in clinical practice. Therapeutic drug monitoring of these medications is typically associated with a select group of antibiotics such as aminoglycosides and vancomycin. Outside this group, other antibiotics such as chloramphenicol and antituberculosis agents may also require monitoring. Due to their wide therapeutic index, other classes of antibiotics such as penicillins, cephalosporin, sulfonamides, quinolones, and macrolides do not generally require routine therapeutic drug monitoring. Determination of serum or plasma concentration of these drugs, however, may be beneficial in those patients with compromised renal function. As can be expected, immunoassays for routine monitoring of aminoglycosides and vancomycin have been developed and are widely commercially available. Tests for other antibiotics, due to their infrequent use and low clinical application, are generally limited to in-house developed methods.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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