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Child Care Health Dev. 2013 Mar;39(2):277-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01374.x. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

Attachment insecurity predicts child active resistance to parental requests in a compliance task.

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  • 1Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIM:

We studied the effects of early mother-child relationship quality and child temperament on the development of child compliance and active resistance in a large population-based cohort study (n = 534).

BACKGROUND:

Parenting and the quality of the parent-child relationship can either hamper or support the development of child compliance directly or in interplay with child temperament.

METHODS:

Mother-infant dyads were observed at 14 and 36 months and maternal and child behaviours were independently coded. The quality of compliance was assessed at 36 months in a clean-up task. Child behaviour was coded using a system differentiating between two dimensions: Compliance and Active Resistance.

RESULTS:

Controlling for concurrent maternal sensitivity, child temperament, and gender children with a more insecure attachment relationship showed higher levels of active resistance during Clean-Up than more securely attached children. The effect was stronger for boys than for girls and mainly driven by attachment avoidance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early attachment is an important contributor to child socialization of moral behaviour.

© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22394322
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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