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Head Neck Pathol. 2012 Sep;6(3):395-9. doi: 10.1007/s12105-012-0339-6. Epub 2012 Mar 6.

Sinonasal seromucinous hamartoma: a review of the literature and a case report with focal myoepithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology (Anatomical Pathology), Capital District Health Authority (QEII Site) and Dalhousie University, 721 Mackenzie Building, 5788 University Ave, Halifax, NS, B3H 1V8, Canada.


Seromucinous hamartoma is a benign lesion of the sinonasal tract. Since its description in 1974, only a small number of additional cases have been reported. It is composed of a proliferation of seromucinous glands and ducts within a variable fibrous stroma. The serous component typically stains positively for S100 (at least focally) and lacks p63 positive abluminal cells. The lack of myoepithelial/basal cells is an important diagnostic feature of seromucinous hamartoma; their absence could lead to an incorrect diagnosis of low-grade sinonasal adenocarcinoma. We report the case of a polypoid mass resected from the posterior nasal cavity and nasopharynx of a 54-year-old woman. The lesion contained a population of small and large glands lined by cuboidal to flattened cells within a hypocellular stroma varying from dense and sclerotic to myxoid. Additionally, there was a superficial focus of ciliated invaginated surface epithelium and glands. Throughout the lesion there were no cytologic or architectural features of malignancy. The histologic features were diagnostic of seromucinous hamartoma. Immunohistochemistry showed focal S100 positivity of the serous glands. However, in contrast to previously reported cases, the glands focally showed an outer basal layer that was calponin, p63 and actin positive. Our case demonstrates two important points. First, complete absence of p63 staining should not necessarily be a required feature in the diagnosis of seromucinous hamartoma. Second, the ciliated larger glands--in keeping with respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH)--support the suggestion that seromucinous hamartoma and REAH are a spectrum of lesions, often seen together.

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