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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Mar 23;419(4):774-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.02.100. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

AQP9: a novel target for bone loss induced by microgravity.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Abstract

The aim of current study was to elucidate whether aquaporin-9 (AQP9) expression was involved in the progression of bone loss induced by microgravity. We used the hind-limb suspension (HLS) mice model to simulate microgravity and induce bone loss. It was found that HLS exposure decreased femur bone mineral density (BMD), and enhanced femur AQP9 mRNA and protein levels. Then, the relationship between AQP9 mRNA expression and BMD was studied and it was showed that femur AQP9 mRNA level was negatively related to femur BMD in mice exposed to HLS. We sought to exam the function of AQP9 in the femur using the AQP9-null mice. It was found that AQP9 knockout attenuated bone loss and inhibited osteoclastogenesis under the condition of HLS exposure, but had no similar effect on bone under normal physiological conditions. In addition, it was found that exposure to simulated hypergravity or exercise training, main countermeasures against microgravity, reduced AQP9 mRNA and protein levels in femur of mice. Moreover, it was found that both aging and estrogen deprivation, another two risk factors of bone loss, had no significant effect on femur AQP9 expression. In conclusion, AQP9 plays an important role in the development of microgravity-induced bone loss, and may be a potential target for the prevention or management of microgravity-induced bone loss.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22390930
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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