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Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012 Mar 2;9:23. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-23.

Toward systematic integration between self-determination theory and motivational interviewing as examples of top-down and bottom-up intervention development: autonomy or volition as a fundamental theoretical principle.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Maarten.Vansteenkiste@ugent.be

Abstract

Clinical interventions can be developed through two distinct pathways. In the first, which we call top-down, a well-articulated theory drives the development of the intervention, whereas in the case of a bottom-up approach, clinical experience, more so than a dedicated theoretical perspective, drives the intervention. Using this dialectic, this paper discusses Self-Determination Theory (SDT) 12 and Motivational Interviewing (MI) 3 as prototypical examples of a top-down and bottom-up approaches, respectively. We sketch the different starting points, foci and developmental processes of SDT and MI, but equally note the complementary character and the potential for systematic integration between both approaches. Nevertheless, for a deeper integration to take place, we contend that MI researchers might want to embrace autonomy as a fundamental basic process underlying therapeutic change and we discuss the advantages of doing so.

PMID:
22385828
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3315422
Free PMC Article
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