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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 May 15;302(10):G1180-90. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00545.2010. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

DMT1 (IRE) expression in intestinal and erythroid cells is regulated by peripheral benzodiazepine receptor-associated protein 7.

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  • 1Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, USA.

Abstract

The divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) is essential for cellular uptake of iron, mediating iron absorption across the duodenal brush border membrane. We have previously shown that with iron feeding DMT1 in the brush border membrane undergoes endocytosis into the subapical compartment of enterocytes. To understand the mechanisms of iron-induced endocytosis of DMT1, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to find proteins that interact with DMT1 and isolated from a rat duodenal cDNA library a protein that interacts specifically with the IRE containing isoform of DMT1 {DMT1 [iron-responsive element (IRE)]}. The protein (Genbank AY336075) is 97.5% identical with peripheral benzodiazepine receptor-associated protein 7 (PAP7), a protein that interacts with the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor. PAP7 is ubiquitously expressed in the rat and in multiple cell lines with consensus sequences including a nuclear localization signal and a Golgi dynamic domain. PAP7, expressed on the brush border of rat duodenum, copurified with DMT1 in brush border membrane vesicles, and following iron feeding, was internalized in parallel with the internalization of DMT1. To determine if PAP7 plays a role in cellular iron metabolism, we downregulated PAP7 expression in K562 cells with small interfering RNA. Following the decrease in PAP7 protein, DMT1 (IRE) protein but not mRNA was significantly downregulated but without effect on DMT1 (non-IRE), transferin (Tf)R1, or ferritin expression. Lowered levels of PAP7 resulted also in decreased cell proliferation and G(1) cell cycle arrest. These data are consistent with PAP7 interacting with DMT1 (IRE) and regulating DMT1 (IRE) expression in K562 cells by modulating expression of DMT1 (IRE) protein.

PMID:
22383495
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3362094
Free PMC Article
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