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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Apr;91(4):734-8. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2011.355. Epub 2012 Feb 29.

Clinical pharmacogenetics implementation consortium guidelines for HLA-B genotype and abacavir dosing.

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  • 1Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract

Human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) is responsible for presenting peptides to immune cells and plays a critical role in normal immune recognition of pathogens. A variant allele, HLA-B*57:01, is associated with increased risk of a hypersensitivity reaction to the anti-HIV drug abacavir. In the absence of genetic prescreening, hypersensitivity affects ~6% of patients and can be life-threatening with repeated dosing. We provide recommendations (updated periodically at http://www.pharmkgb.org) for the use of abacavir based on HLA-B genotype.

PMID:
22378157
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3374459
Free PMC Article

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