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J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012 Mar;14(3):172-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00582.x. Epub 2012 Jan 19.

Regular use of a home blood pressure monitor by hypertensive adults--HealthStyles, 2005 and 2008.

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  • 1Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341-3717, USA. cia1@cdc.gov

Abstract

The authors analyzed HealthStyles surveys 2005 and 2008 combined to assess the prevalence of regular home blood pressure monitor (HBPM) use among hypertensive adults. All data were self-reported. The authors calculated odds ratios (ORs) of regular HBPM use and relative percent change (RPC) in the use of HBPM between the 2 survey years. There were 3739 (32.6%) hypertensives in the 2 survey years combined. Based on the self-reported data, the proportion of hypertensives who regularly used an HBPM was 43.2%. Male sex, age, race/ethnicity, household income, and education were all associated with differences in the prevalence of regular HBPM use. Patients 65 years and older (OR, 2.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49-3.81) were significantly more likely to be regular HBPM users than those 18 to 34 years. Non-Hispanic blacks were significantly less likely (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.55-0.86) to be regular HBPM users than non-Hispanic whites. From 2005 to 2008, the RPC in regular HBPM use was 14.2% (from 40.1% to 45.8%); the largest RPCs were for the 3 youngest age groups, men, non-Hispanic blacks, and those with a household income of $40,000 to 59,900. Because HBPM has been demonstrated to aid in hypertension control, health care professionals should promote its use especially among hypertensives who are younger, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, or with a lower income.

© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
22372777
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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