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Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2012;8:65-75. doi: 10.2147/VHRM.S28090. Epub 2012 Feb 8.

Evolving role of platelet function testing in coronary artery interventions.

Author information

  • 1Medical Center of South Arkansas, Heart and Vascular Institute, 700 West Grove Street, El Dorado, AR 71730, USA. rsharma@uams.edu

Abstract

The substantial reduction in ischemic events provided by the dual antiplatelet regimen with aspirin and clopidogrel is well documented in patients with acute coronary syndrome and patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Recently the variable response to the antiplatelet agents has received considerable attention after several "boxed warnings" on clopidogrel. This led to intense controversy on pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and pharmacogenomic issues of antiplatelet drugs, especially clopidogrel. Research use of platelet function testing has been successfully validated in identifying new antiplatelet drugs like prasugrel and ticagrelor. These platelet function assays are no longer regarded just as a laboratory phenomenon but rather as tools that have been shown to predict mortality in several clinical trials. It is believed that suboptimal response to an antiplatelet regimen (pharmacodynamic effect) may be associated with cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial events. There has been intense controversy about this variable response of antiplatelet drugs and the role of platelet function testing to guide antiplatelet therapy. While the importance of routine platelet function testing may be uncertain, it may be useful in high-risk patients such as those with diabetes mellitus, diffuse three vessels coronary artery disease, left main stenosis, diffuse atherosclerotic disease, and those with chronic renal failure undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. It could also be useful in patients with suspected pharmacodynamic interaction with other drugs to assure the adequacy of platelet inhibition. While we wait for definitive trials, a predictive prognostic algorithm is necessary to individualize antiplatelet therapy with P2Y12 inhibitors based on platelet function assays and genetic testing.

KEYWORDS:

acute coronary syndrome; clopidogrel; coronary artery disease; coronary artery stenting; platelet function assay; platelet function testing

PMID:
22371653
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3282607
Free PMC Article

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