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EMBO Mol Med. 2012 May;4(5):412-23. doi: 10.1002/emmm.201200217. Epub 2012 Feb 24.

Lung endothelial ADAM17 regulates the acute inflammatory response to lipopolysaccharide.

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  • 1Interdisciplinary Center for Clinical Research, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with increased vascular permeability, leukocyte recruitment, and pro-inflammatory mediator release. We investigated the role of the metalloproteinase ADAM17 in endotoxin-induced ALI with focus on endothelial ADAM17. In vitro, endotoxin-mediated induction of endothelial permeability and IL-8-induced transmigration of neutrophils through human microvascular endothelial cells required ADAM17 as shown by inhibition with GW280264X or shRNA-mediated knockdown. In vivo, ALI was induced by intranasal endotoxin-challenge combined with GW280264X treatment or endothelial adam17-knockout. Endotoxin-triggered upregulation of ADAM17 mRNA in the lung was abrogated in knockout mice and associated with reduced ectodomain shedding of the junctional adhesion molecule JAM-A and the transmembrane chemokine CX3CL1. Induced vascular permeability, oedema formation, release of TNF-α and IL-6 and pulmonary leukocyte recruitment were all markedly reduced by GW280264X or endothelial adam17-knockout. Intranasal application of TNF-α could not restore leukocyte recruitment and oedema formation in endothelial adam17-knockout animals. Thus, activation of endothelial ADAM17 promotes acute pulmonary inflammation in response to endotoxin by multiple endothelial shedding events most likely independently of endothelial TNF-α release leading to enhanced vascular permeability and leukocyte recruitment.

Copyright © 2012 EMBO Molecular Medicine.

PMID:
22367719
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3403298
Free PMC Article
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