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PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31979. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031979. Epub 2012 Feb 21.

Attenuation of vaccinia Tian Tan strain by removal of viral TC7L-TK2L and TA35R genes.

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  • 1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Jilin, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Vaccinia Tian Tan (VTT) was attenuated by deletion of the TC7L-TK2L and TA35R genes to generate MVTT3. The mutant was generated by replacing the open reading frames by a gene encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) flanked by loxP sites. Viruses expressing EGFP were then screened for and purified by serial plaque formation. In a second step the marker EGFP gene was removed by transfecting cells with a plasmid encoding cre recombinase and selecting for viruses that had lost the EGFP phenotype. The MVTT3 mutant was shown to be avirulent and immunogenic. These results support the conclusion that TC7L-TK2L and TA35R deletion mutants can be used as safe viral vectors or as platform for vaccines.

PMID:
22363781
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3283712
Free PMC Article

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