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Pediatr Pathol. 1990;10(5):785-97.

Malignant mesenchymoma associated with a congenital lung cyst in a child: case report and review of the literature.

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  • 1Department of Histopathology, Hospital for Sick Children, London, United Kingdom.


Primary lung tumors are uncommon in children, and malignant mesenchymal tumors form only a small proportion of these. Leiomyosarcomas occur more commonly than rhabdomyosarcomas, whereas malignant mesenchymomas are exceedingly rare. Of the total number of primary pulmonary rhabdomyosarcomas and malignant mesenchymomas of lung reported in children, 50% have occurred in association with congenital lung cysts. The relationship between abnormal morphogenesis and neoplasia is well documented in the kidney. A similar relationship may exist in the lung between cystic parenchymal maldevelopment and embryonal mesenchymal tumors. We report a 4-year-old boy with a malignant mesenchymoma of lung arising within a congenital lung cyst; one similar case has previously been reported to our knowledge.

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