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Sci Rep. 2011;1:169. doi: 10.1038/srep00169. Epub 2011 Nov 24.

Genetic variation and linkage disequilibrium in Bacillus anthracis.

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  • 1Biological Defense Research Directorate, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD, USA. mzwick@emory.edu

Abstract

We performed whole-genome amplification followed by hybridization of custom-designed resequencing arrays to resequence 303 kb of genomic sequence from a worldwide panel of 39 Bacillus anthracis strains. We used an efficient algorithm contained within a custom software program, UniqueMER, to identify and mask repetitive sequences on the resequencing array to reduce false-positive identification of genetic variation, which can arise from cross-hybridization. We discovered a total of 240 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and showed that B. anthracis strains have an average of 2.25 differences per 10,000 bases in the region we resequenced. Common SNVs in this region are found to be in complete linkage disequilibrium. These patterns of variation suggest there has been little if any historical recombination among B. anthracis strains since the origin of the pathogen. This pattern of common genetic variation suggests a framework for recognizing new or genetically engineered strains.

PMID:
22355684
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3240990
Free PMC Article
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