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Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi. 2011;53(8):1139-49.

[Study on the predictors for superimposed preeclampsia in patients with IgA nephropathy].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Pregnancy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is often associated with hypertension and/or the worsening of renal function and neonatal death. The present study explored the clinical characteristics of predictive factors for hypertension in biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy patients with superimposed preeclampsia (SPE).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The subjects were 34 Japanese women with IgA nephropathy whose renal specimen for histological tests was obtained before pregnancy. We retrospectively investigated the relevant clinical factors to explain a rise in blood pressure (BP). The histological findings were evaluated with respect to the quantitative measurements of both global glomerulosclerosis and interstitial damage.

RESULTS:

Renal biopsies before pregnancies showed that the global glomerular sclerosing index and interstitial damage in the SPE group were significantly higher than in the normal group. The prevalence of SPE was 38.2 % (normal pregnancy 21, SPE 13 cases). The neonatal death rate was 3.0 % (1/34)overall. Just before conception, systolic blood pressure (SBP), serum creatinine (Cr)and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration in the SPE were significantly higher than in normal pregnancies. In contrast, CCr and eGFR were lower in the SPE group than in the normal group. At delivery, serum Cr, BUN and uric acid (UA) concentration in the SPE group were significantly higher than in the normal group. In contrast, CCr and eGFR were lower in the SPE than in the normal group. At delivery, correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation between SBP or diastolic BP (DBP) and the histological severity, between SBP or DBP and daily protein excretion, and between SBP or DBP and serum Cr concentration. With respect to the birth weight of newborns, there was a significant negative correlation between the birth weight and the global glomerular sclerosing rate, and between the birth weight and serum Cr concentration or BUN. A stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that predictive factors for a rise in SBP during pregnancy were the degree of interstitial damage and daily urinary protein excretion. These results suggest that renal function, the magnitude of urinary protein excretion, serum Cr, BUN, UA concentrations, and the severity of histological abnormalities are all associated with SPE occurrence. The predictors of a rise in BP were interstitial damage and urinary protein excretion at pregnancy. In addition, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that both glomerular sclerosis and interstitial damage could be potential predictors for SPE.

CONCLUSION:

Histological severity in renal biopsy, urinary protein excretion and renal function are associated with SPE in patients with IgA nephropathy. Among these associations, the histological findings and urinary protein excretion may serve as useful predictors for a rise in BP.

PMID:
22351992
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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