Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Biol. 2012 Feb 20;196(4):513-27. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201107133.

Caspase levels and execution efficiencies determine the apoptotic potential of the cell.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

Essentially, all metazoan cells can undergo apoptosis, but some cells are more sensitive than others to apoptotic stimuli. To date, it is unclear what determines the apoptotic potential of the cell. We set up an in vivo system for monitoring and comparing the activity levels of the two main effector caspases in Drosophila melanogaster, Drice and Dcp-1. Both caspases were activated by the apoptosome after irradiation. However, whereas each caspase alone could induce apoptosis, Drice was a more effective inducer of apoptosis than Dcp-1, which instead had a role in establishing the rate of cell death. These functional differences are attributed to their intrinsic properties rather than merely their tissue specificities. Significantly, the levels of the procaspases are directly proportional to their activity levels and play a key role in determining the cell's sensitivity to apoptosis. Finally, we provide evidence for the existence of a cellular execution threshold of caspase activity, which must be reached to induce apoptosis.

PMID:
22351928
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3283987
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (9)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
Figure 8.
Figure 9.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk