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J Autism Dev Disord. 2013 Jun;43(6):1447-51. doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1475-2.

Brief report: incidence of ophthalmologic disorders in children with autism.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the incidence of ophthalmologic disorders in children with autism and related disorders.

DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review. Four hundred and seven children diagnosed with autism or a related disorder between 1998 and 2006. one hundred and fifty-four of these children completed a comprehensive ophthalmology exam by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

RESULTS:

Ophthalmologic pathology was found in 40% of patients with autism or a related disorder with 29% having significant refractive errors, 21% demonstrating strabismus, and 10% having amblyopia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Children with autism or a related disorder will frequently have an ophthalmologic abnormality. Since cooperation with vision screening is understandably limited in these children, a comprehensive eye examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist is recommended for all such children.

PMID:
22350452
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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