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Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2012 Apr 1;5(2):257-64. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.111.961144. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

Genetic determinants of statin-induced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction: the Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) trial.

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  • 1Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Ave. E, Boston, MA 02215, USA. dchasman@rics.bwh.harvard.edu

Erratum in

  • Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2012 Jun;5(3):e27.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In statin trials, each 20 mg/dL reduction in cholesterol results in a 10-15% reduction of annual incidence rates for vascular events. However, interindividual variation in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) response to statins is wide and may partially be determined on a genetic basis.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A genome-wide association study of LDL-C response was performed among a total of 6989 men and women of European ancestry who were randomly allocated to either rosuvastatin 20 mg daily or placebo. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for genome-wide association (P<5×10(-8)) with LDL-C reduction on rosuvastatin were identified at ABCG2, LPA, and APOE, and a further association at PCSK9 was genome-wide significant for baseline LDL-C and locus-wide significant for LDL-C reduction. Median LDL-C reductions on rosuvastatin were 40, 48, 51, 55, 60, and 64 mg/dL, respectively, among those inheriting increasing numbers of LDL-lowering alleles for SNPs at these 4 loci (P trend=6.2×10(-20)), such that each allele approximately doubled the odds of percent LDL-C reduction greater than the trial median (odds ratio, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-2.1; P=5.0×10(-41)). An intriguing additional association with sub-genome-wide significance (P<1×10(-6)) was identified for statin related LDL-C reduction at IDOL, which mediates posttranscriptional regulation of the LDL receptor in response to intracellular cholesterol levels. In candidate analysis, SNPs in SLCO1B1 and LDLR were confirmed as associated with LDL-C lowering, and a significant interaction was observed between SNPs in PCSK9 and LDLR.

CONCLUSIONS:

Inherited polymorphisms that predominantly relate to statin pharmacokinetics and endocytosis of LDL particles by the LDL receptor are common in the general population and influence individual patient response to statin therapy.

PMID:
22331829
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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