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J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Feb;47(2):347-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2011.11.028.

Pretreatment with anti-VEGF therapy may exacerbate inflammation in experimental acute colitis.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric General & Thoracic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

Our previous investigations of angiogenesis in inflammatory bowel disease showed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) blockade reduced colonic neovascularization and inflammation. We hypothesized that pretreatment with bevacizumab, a monoclonal anti-VEGF antibody, would attenuate the severity of angiogenesis and inflammation in a murine model of colitis.

METHODS:

C57BL/6 mice were treated with intraperitoneal injections of bevacizumab (250 μg/dose) before induction of colitis with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The colons were examined at predetermined time points. Colonic inflammation and microvessel density were assessed microscopically.

RESULTS:

All mice acutely developed melena and weight loss (18.8% ± 1.1% control vs 20.2% ± 1.1% treated, P = .37) and regained a similar weight percentage after the recovery (26.5% ± 4.0% vs 20.9% ± 4.4%, P = .37). Microvessel density acutely increased in both groups in response to DSS, with a trend toward inhibited angiogenesis in the treated group at the conclusion of the acute phase (194,100 ± 14,240 vs 149,400 ± 17,590 μm(2), P = .11). Bevacizumab-treated mice exhibited significantly increased inflammation after the acute phase (8.3 ± 0.8 vs 13.0 ± 2.0, P = .05), but were similar to control after the recovery (7.3 ± 1.5 vs 5.5 ± 1.0, P = .27).

CONCLUSIONS:

Preemptive VEGF inhibition does not significantly attenuate angiogenesis and, in fact, worsens inflammation in a model of acute colitis. Preventive VEGF blockade may disrupt healing and exacerbate injury via alternative angiogenic or inflammatory pathways.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22325388
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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