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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Mar-Apr;19(2):306-16. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000656.

Translating Mendelian and complex inheritance of Alzheimer's disease genes for predicting unique personal genome variants.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Although trait-associated genes identified as complex versus single-gene inheritance differ substantially in odds ratio, the authors nonetheless posit that their mechanistic concordance can reveal fundamental properties of the genetic architecture, allowing the automated interpretation of unique polymorphisms within a personal genome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An analytical method, SPADE-gen, spanning three biological scales was developed to demonstrate the mechanistic concordance between Mendelian and complex inheritance of Alzheimer's disease (AD) genes: biological functions (BP), protein interaction modeling, and protein domain implicated in the disease-associated polymorphism.

RESULTS:

Among Gene Ontology (GO) biological processes (BP) enriched at a false detection rate <5% in 15 AD genes of Mendelian inheritance (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) and independently in those of complex inheritance (25 host genes of intragenic AD single-nucleotide polymorphisms confirmed in genome-wide association studies), 16 overlapped (empirical p=0.007) and 45 were similar (empirical p<0.009; information theory). SPAN network modeling extended the canonical pathway of AD (KEGG) with 26 new protein interactions (empirical p<0.0001).

DISCUSSION:

The study prioritized new AD-associated biological mechanisms and focused the analysis on previously unreported interactions associated with the biological processes of polymorphisms that affect specific protein domains within characterized AD genes and their direct interactors using (1) concordant GO-BP and (2) domain interactions within STRING protein-protein interactions corresponding to the genomic location of the AD polymorphism (eg, EPHA1, APOE, and CD2AP).

CONCLUSION:

These results are in line with unique-event polymorphism theory, indicating how disease-associated polymorphisms of Mendelian or complex inheritance relate genetically to those observed as 'unique personal variants'. They also provide insight for identifying novel targets, for repositioning drugs, and for personal therapeutics.

PMID:
22319180
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3277633
Free PMC Article
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