Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Med Econ. 2012;15(3):500-8. doi: 10.3111/13696998.2012.665109. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

The cost to managed care of managing pulmonary hypertension.

Author information

  • 1University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Division of Pharmaceutical Evaluation and Policy, Little Rock, AR, USA. qsaid@uams.edu



To estimate direct medical costs and resource use for commercially-insured patients within two pulmonary hypertension sub-groups: pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).


Using a retrospective cohort design, subjects (≥18 years) with ICD-9 code 416.0 (PAH or CTEPH) or 416.8 (CTEPH) were identified during 2004-2009 within the MarketScan database. The date of the first observed claim was the index date. Each PAH and CTEPH patient was matched to one-to-five controls without PAH and CTEPH on age, gender, region, and payer type. Patients and controls were continuously enrolled for at least 12 months pre- and 12 months post-index date. Per-patient-per-month costs and resource use were compared using Wilcoxon rank-sum test.


PAH patients (1647) and controls (6352) were identified (mean age 63 years, 73% female). Total monthly costs before PAH diagnosis were: PAH patients $2064 vs controls $1094. After PAH diagnosis, PAH patients had significantly higher monthly costs and resource use vs controls: Total costs $4021 vs $1533, outpatient visits 1.1 vs 0.8, inpatient visits 0.7 vs 0.2, prescriptions 3.6 vs 2.7, all p-values <0.05. One hundred and forty-six CTEPH patients and 558 controls were identified (mean age 64 years, 54.8% female). Total monthly costs in the period before CTEPH diagnosis were higher for CTEPH patients ($3895) than controls ($1177). After CTEPH diagnosis, CTEPH patients had significantly higher monthly costs and resource use vs controls: Total costs $6198 vs $1579, Outpatient visits 1.2 vs 0.8, inpatient visits 2 vs 0.2, prescriptions 4.2 vs 2.8, all p-values <0.05.


Identification of PAH is complicated, as there exists no precise ICD-9-CM code for the condition. CTEPH diagnosis was based upon claims data and was not verified clinically.


CTEPH and PAH patients incurred higher costs and used more resources than controls in the baseline and follow-up periods.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Informa Healthcare
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk