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J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Feb 15;60(6):1358-62. doi: 10.1021/jf2041142. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Development and validation of a spectrophotometric method for quantification of total glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables.

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  • 1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 225 Food Science and Nutrition, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA.


Given their putative role in chemoprevention, validated methods are needed for quantification of total glucosinolates. Based on the colorimetric reaction of ferricyanide with 1-thioglucose, released by alkaline hydrolysis of glucosinolates, we developed a simple and sensitive method for spectrophotometric quantification of total glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables. Lyophilized and ground vegetables are extracted with 80% boiling methanol. Extracted glucosinolates are isolated using a strong anion exchange column and then hydrolyzed with 2 N NaOH to release 1-thioglucose. Ferricyanide is added, and the decrease in absorbance is measured at 420 nm, with final values adjusted for background. Recovery of internal standard (sinigrin) was 107%. Intra- and interassay coefficients of variation were 5.4% and 15.8%, respectively. Dose response was linear with sinigrin and amount of plant material extracted (R(2) ≥ 0.99). Using sinigrin, the lower limit of quantification was 0.6 mg. This straightforward method may be an alternative to time-consuming and costly chromatographic methods.

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