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Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Jun;71(6):1027-33. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2011-200744. Epub 2012 Feb 6.

Increased interleukin (IL)-7Rα expression in salivary glands of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome is restricted to T cells and correlates with IL-7 expression, lymphocyte numbers and activity.

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  • 1UMC Utrecht, Department of Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify interleukin (IL)-7Rα expression in the labial salivary gland (LSG) of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and non-Sjögren's syndrome sicca (nSS-sicca) and to study its correlation with glandular inflammation and IL-7 expression.

METHODS:

The presence of infiltrating immune cells and IL-7Rα cells in inflamed LSG of patients with pSS (n=12) and nSS-sicca controls (n=7) was studied by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence activated cell sorting analysis upon tissue digestion (n=15 and n=13, respectively). Additionally, the correlations of IL-7Rα cells with hallmark disease parameters of pSS, major infiltrating inflammatory cells and IL-7 were assessed.

RESULTS:

In the LSG of patients with pSS increased numbers of IL-7Rα cells were found as compared with nSS-sicca patients. IL7Rα cells strongly correlated with the lymphocytic focus score, IL-7 expression, the decrease in percentage of IgA plasma cells and numbers of CD3 T cells, CD20 B cells, and CD1a and CD208 myeloid dendritic cells. Analysis of isolated cells from the LSG demonstrated strongly increased percentages of IL-7Rα CD3 T cells in pSS as compared with nSS, showing abundant IL-7Rα expression on both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Other CD45 leucocytes and CD45- tissue cells scarcely expressed IL-7Rα. Percentages of IL-7Rα T cells also significantly correlated with glandular inflammation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows the presence of increased IL-7Rα T cells in the LSG of patients with pSS and their association with the severity of sialadenitis, disease parameters and IL-7 expression. Considering the immunostimulatory ability of IL-7Rα T cells and IL-7, this suggests that IL-7(R)-dependent T cell-driven immune activation plays an important role in inflammation in pSS.

PMID:
22312161
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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