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J Biol Chem. 2012 Mar 16;287(12):9640-50. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.324574. Epub 2012 Feb 6.

Augmentation of Kv4.2-encoded currents by accessory dipeptidyl peptidase 6 and 10 subunits reflects selective cell surface Kv4.2 protein stabilization.

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  • 1Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Rapidly activating and inactivating somatodendritic voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) currents, I(A), play critical roles in the regulation of neuronal excitability. Considerable evidence suggests that native neuronal I(A) channels function in macromolecular protein complexes comprising pore-forming (α) subunits of the Kv4 subfamily together with cytosolic, K(+) channel interacting proteins (KChIPs) and transmembrane, dipeptidyl peptidase 6 and 10 (DPP6/10) accessory subunits, as well as other accessory and regulatory proteins. Several recent studies have demonstrated a critical role for the KChIP subunits in the generation of native Kv4.2-encoded channels and that Kv4.2-KChIP complex formation results in mutual (Kv4.2-KChIP) protein stabilization. The results of the experiments here, however, demonstrate that expression of DPP6 in the mouse cortex is unaffected by the targeted deletion of Kv4.2 and/or Kv4.3. Further experiments revealed that heterologously expressed DPP6 and DPP10 localize to the cell surface in the absence of Kv4.2, and that co-expression with Kv4.2 does not affect total or cell surface DPP6 or DPP10 protein levels. In the presence of DPP6 or DPP10, however, cell surface Kv4.2 protein expression is selectively increased. Further addition of KChIP3 in the presence of DPP10 markedly increases total and cell surface Kv4.2 protein levels, compared with cells expressing only Kv4.2 and DPP10. Taken together, the results presented here demonstrate that the expression and localization of the DPP accessory subunits are independent of Kv4 α subunits and further that the DPP6/10 and KChIP accessory subunits independently stabilize the surface expression of Kv4.2.

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