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Indian J Med Res. 2011 Dec;134(6):920-9. doi: 10.4103/0971-5916.92637.

HIV in Indian MSM: reasons for a concentrated epidemic & strategies for prevention.

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  • 1National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, No.1 Satyamoorthy Road, Chetpet, Chennai, India.


Men who have sex with men (MSM) in India are disproportionately likely to be HIV-infected, and face distinct psychosocial challenges. Understanding the unique socio-cultural issues of MSM in India and how they relate to HIV risk could maximize the utility of future prevention efforts. This review discusses: (i) the importance of addressing co-occurring mental health issues, such as depression, which may interfere with MSM's ability to benefit from traditional risk reduction counselling, (ii) reducing HIV-related stigma among health providers, policymakers and the lay public, and (iii) the role for non-governmental organizations that work with the community to play in providing culturally relevant HIV prevention programmes for MSM.

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