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Cytokine. 2012 May;58(2):178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2012.01.001. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Human intestinal mast cells are a potent source of multiple chemokines.

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  • 1Department of Nutritional Medicine, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstraße 12, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

Abstract

Mast cells are key effector cells of immediate type allergic reactions. Upon activation they release a broad array of pre-stored and de novo synthesized mediators including immunoregulatory cytokines and chemokines. Here, we analyzed the chemokine profile expressed by mature human mast cells. Human mast cells were isolated from intestinal tissue and cultured with stem cell factor (SCF) in the presence or absence of IL-4 for 10d. Cells were stimulated by cross-linking of the high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) and/or by SCF. Chemokine and chemokine receptor mRNA expression was determined by real-time RT-PCR and chemokine release was measured by multiplex bead immunoassay. Out of 43 chemokines and 19 chemokine receptors human intestinal mast cells express 27 chemokines and nine chemokine receptors. Twelve chemokines (CCL1, CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CCL7, CCL18, CCL20, CXCL2, CXCL3, CXCL8, and XCL1) were more than four-fold up-regulated in response to FcεRI cross-linking. Combination of pre-culture with IL-4 and/or stimulation with SCF in addition to FcεRI cross-linking further increased the antigen-dependent expression of mRNA for most chemokines. In contrast, the expression of CCL20, CXCL2, and CXCL3 was strongly inhibited by IL-4 treatment. In conclusion, human intestinal mast cells express a broad spectrum of different chemokines underlining their important role as immunoregulatory cells. Furthermore, combined treatment with IL-4 and SCF increases the antigen-mediated expression and release of multiple chemokines, but IL-4 priming inhibits the expression of CCL20, CXCL2, and CXCL3.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22305008
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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