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Mol Genet Metab. 2012 Apr;105(4):642-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.12.017. Epub 2011 Dec 29.

Life with too much polyprenol: polyprenol reductase deficiency.

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  • 1Universitätsklinikum Münster, Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin-Allgemeine Pädiatrie, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are caused by a dysfunction of glycosylation, an essential step in the manufacturing process of glycoproteins. This paper focuses on a 6-year-old patient with a new type of CDG-I caused by a defect of the steroid 5α reductase type 3 gene (SRD5A3). The clinical features were psychomotor retardation, pathological nystagmus, slight muscular hypotonia and microcephaly. SRD5A3 was recently identified encoding the polyprenol reductase, an enzyme catalyzing the final step of the biosynthesis of dolichol, which is required for the assembly of the glycans needed for N-glycosylation. Although an early homozygous stop-codon (c.57G>A [W19X]) with no functional protein was found in the patient, about 70% of transferrin (Tf) was correctly glycosylated. Quantification of dolichol and unreduced polyprenol in the patient's fibroblasts demonstrated a high polyprenol/dolichol ratio with normal amounts of dolichol, indicating that high polyprenol levels might compete with dolichol for the initiation of N-glycan assembly but without supporting normal glycosylation and that there must be an alternative pathway for dolichol biosynthesis.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22304929
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3428379
Free PMC Article

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