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Arabidopsis Book. 2010;8:e0128. doi: 10.1199/tab.0128. Epub 2010 May 8.

Regulation by polycomb and trithorax group proteins in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Department of Genetic Engineering, Center for Research and Advanced Studies, CINVESTAV-IPN Unidad lrapuato, C.P. 36821 lrapuato, Guanajuato, México.


Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (trxG) proteins are key regulators of homeotic genes and have crucial roles in cell proliferation, growth and development. PcG and trxG proteins form higher order protein complexes that contain SET domain proteins, with a histone methyltransferase (HMTase) activity, responsible for the different types of lysine methylation at the N-terminal tails of the core histone proteins. In recent years, genetic studies along with biochemical and cell biological analyses in Arabidopsis have enabled researchers to begin to understand how PcG and trxG proteins are recruited to chromatin and how they regulate their target genes and to elucidate their functions. This review focuses on the advances in our understanding of the biological roles of PcG and trxG proteins, their molecular mechanisms of action and further examines the role of histone marks in PcG and trxG regulation in Arabidopsis.

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