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Mol Cell Biochem. 1979 Mar 5;24(1):21-43.

Cytochrome P450 in adrenocortical mitochondria.


Cytochrome P450 in the mitochondria of the adrenal cortex functions in the monooxygenation reactions for the biosynthesis of various steroid hormones, such as cholesterol side chain cleavage, hydroxylation at 11 beta-position and that at 18-position of the steroid structure. The cytochrome is firmly associated with the mitochondrial membrane and therefore can be isolated only by the aid of ionic or non-ionic detergent. Recently, two cytochromes P450 each catalyzing a specified reaction have been purified to a homogeneous state, that is, P450scc having cholesterol side chain cleavage activity and P45011 beta having 11 beta-hydroxylation activity. The properties of these purified P450's as well as the other components of the monooxygenase system, adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase, are, therefore, summarized and compared to those of P450 in the mitochondrial preparation in situ. Among many findings, both purified cytochromes P450 were revealed to be a low-spin type hemoprotein and their spin states were changed to a high-spin state by being complexed with the corresponding substrate. The binding of a substrate also facilitated the reduction of the cytochrome and appeared to increase the stability of the oxygenated form of cytochrome P450. These effects are important from the point of view that the primary role of the heme of cytochrome P450 is the activation of molecular oxygen. In addition, the results of our detailed kinetic studies on the transfer of electrons from adrenodoxin to cytochrome P450 in the reconstituted system have also been described. Finally, the topology of adrenodoxin and the reductase were shown to be on the inner mitochondrial membrane by a peroxidase-labeled antibody method.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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