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Diabetes Care. 2012 Mar;35(3):597-8. doi: 10.2337/dc11-1536. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

East Africans in Sweden have a high risk for type 1 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Centre for Health Equity Studies, Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. anders.hjern@chess.su.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children with an origin in Sub-Saharan Africa in Sweden.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Nationwide register study based on retrieved prescriptions of insulin during 2009 in children aged 0-18 years. The study population consisted of 35,756 children in families with an origin in Sub-Saharan Africa and 1,666,051 children with native Swedish parents.

RESULTS:

The odds ratio (OR) for insulin medication in Swedish-born children in families originating in East Africa was 1.29 (95% CI 1.02-1.63) compared with offspring of native Swedish parents, after adjustment for age and sex, and less common in children who themselves were born in East Africa: 0.50 (0.34-0.73). Offspring of parents from other parts of Sub-Saharan Africa had a comparatively low risk for insulin medication.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study indicates that Swedish-born children with an origin in East Africa have a high risk of type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
22301119
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3322724
Free PMC Article
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