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Antivir Ther. 2012;17(4):755-61. doi: 10.3851/IMP2020. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Effect of abacavir on acute changes in biomarkers associated with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Author information

  • 1Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. plp3@cdc.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study examined the effect of abacavir on acute changes in biomarkers associated with cardiovascular dysfunction.

METHODS:

Among the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective therapy (SUN) participants, we identified 25 individuals (cases) who were HLA-B5701-negative and who had ≥ 2 weeks without abacavir exposure at one visit and ≥ 2 weeks with abacavir exposure at the consecutive visit while maintaining viral suppression. We identified 43 individuals (controls) similarly unexposed and exposed to tenofovir. We assessed concentrations of prothrombin fragment F(1+2), D-dimer, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-8, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, serum amyloid A and serum amyloid P. We examined the median percentage change of these biomarkers from the unexposed to exposed state among cases and controls compared with the expected assay variability using a sign test, and compared changes among cases with controls using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test.

RESULTS:

Baseline characteristics were similar between cases and controls: median age 45 versus 46 years, 80% versus 81% male, 64% versus 63% non-Hispanic White and median CD4(+) T-cell count 538 versus 601 cells/mm(3), respectively. Mean exposure times were 65 and 15 weeks for abacavir and tenofovir, respectively. We observed no significant changes in biomarkers from the unexposed to exposed state among cases or controls compared with the expected assay variability. We found that no biomarkers were significantly increased among cases compared with controls; however, prothrombin fragment F(1+2) was significantly lower among controls (P=0.035).

CONCLUSIONS:

In virologically suppressed contemporary HIV-infected patients, abacavir exposure was not associated with increases in biomarkers associated with increased cardiovascular risk.

PMID:
22301072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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