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Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2011 Nov;24(11):894-7.

[A case control study on the treatment of unstable distal radius fractures with internal and external fixation].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Wangling Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Beijing 100102, China. Zhaoyong423@sohu.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the clinical effects of diaplastic external fixator on the treatment of unstable fractures of distal radius.

METHODS:

A clinical data of 60 patients with unstable fractures of distal radius admitted to Wangjing Hospital from August 2005 to September 2009 were retrospectively analyzed with the paired design. According to the paired design, 60 patients were equally divided into two groups (internal fixation group and external fixation group), which were respectively treated with open reduction and steel plate internal fixation (internal fixation group) or closed reduction and external fixation (external fixation group), including 8 males and 52 females, with an average age of 60.27 years ranging from 34 to 85 years. Left side was in 33 cases and right side was in 27 cases. All fractures were closed and caused by hand supporting when falling down. According to AO classification, type A3 was in 22 cases, type B2 was in 4 cases, type B3 was in 2 cases, type C1 was in 20 cases, type C2 was in 8 cases, type C3 was in 4 cases. Palmar flexion, dorsiflexion, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, pronation, supination, grip strength, radial angle, radial length, volar tilt were observed before and after operation.

RESULTS:

All the patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of 15.4 months. The radial length was (4.85 +/- 2.75) mm,volar tilt (14.66 +/- 10.77) degrees, radial angle (7.90 +/- 4.70) degrees in the external fixation group,while those were (4.29 +/- 1.53) mm, (14.39 +/- 5.01) degrees, (6.19 +/- 3.15) degrees in the internal fixation group, but with no statistical significance (P>0.05). Function comparison of internal and external fixation group, P-value of every function is more than 0.05 or equal to 0.05, with no statistical significance except for supination and radial deviation. The functions of wrist joints were evaluated according to Batra scoring system at 1 year after operation. The average radiological scores of external fixation group was 86.27,in which 15 cases were excellent, 11 good, 1 fair,3 poor,while the average functional scores was 94.93, and all the cases were excellent. The average radiological scores of internal fixation group was 91.27, 16 cases were excellent, 12 good, 2 fair, while the average functional scores was 94.23, in which all the cases were excellent.

CONCLUSION:

Compared with the open reduction and steel plate fixation, the unstable fractures of distal radius treating by diaplastic external fixator can be achieved a similar result, with no statistical significance.

PMID:
22295479
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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