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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Feb;60(2):284-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03817.x. Epub 2012 Jan 30.

Characteristics, services, and infection control practices of New York City assisted living facilities, 2010.

Author information

  • 1Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. astachel@health.nyc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe New York City (NYC) assisted living facility (ALF) characteristics, services offered, and infection control practices and to identify infection control barriers and unmet needs.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

ALFs licensed or applying to be licensed in NYC.

PARTICIPANTS:

Seventy ALFs; 70 of 77 eligible facilities participated (91% participation rate).

MEASUREMENTS:

Telephone interview questions assessed ALF characteristics, services offered, and infection control practices, including glucometry practices.

RESULTS:

ALFs provided a broad range of services, such as vaccination (90%), assistance with taking medication (75%), bathing and showering (33%), and blood glucose monitoring (90%). Ninety percent of the facilities had nurses on site (directly employed or through a contract agency). Five facilities reported that residents sometimes shared glucometers, and one reported that fingerstick devices were sometimes shared. The majority of facilities wanted educational materials for staff (83%) and residents (77%) on topics including influenza, respiratory illness, norovirus, standard precautions, and general infection control. ALFs had a range of sick leave policies and infection control training requirements. Eighty-nine percent of the facilities reported having designated staff responsible for infection control, although 50% had nonclinical job titles.

CONCLUSION:

NYC ALFs were varied in terms of nursing services offered, characteristics, and residents' needs; therefore, public health agencies may need to be flexible in their assistance. Public health agencies should consider strengthening relationships with ALFs to identify unmet needs and gaps in services.

© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2012, The American Geriatrics Society.

PMID:
22288553
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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