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Int J Cancer. 2012 Oct 15;131(8):1800-9. doi: 10.1002/ijc.27455. Epub 2012 Jul 30.

Targeting the enhancer of zeste homologue 2 in medulloblastoma.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital and University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, CO, USA.

Abstract

Enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2) is the catalytic subunit of Polycomb repressive complex 2 that catalyzes the trimethylation of histone H3 on Lys 27, and represses gene transcription. EZH2 enhances cancer-cell proliferation and regulates stem cell maintenance and differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that EZH2 is highly expressed in medulloblastoma, a highly malignant brain tumor of childhood, and this altered expression is correlated with genomic gain of chromosome 7 in a subset of medulloblastoma. Inhibition of EZH2 by RNAi suppresses medulloblastoma tumor cell growth. We show that 3-deazaneplanocin A, a chemical inhibitor of EZH2, can suppress medulloblastoma cell growth partially by inducing apoptosis. Suppression of EZH2 expression diminishes the ability of tumor cells to form spheres in culture and strongly represses the ability of known oncogenes to transform neural stem cells. These findings establish a role of EZH2 in medulloblastoma and identify EZH2 as a potential therapeutic target especially in high-risk tumors.

Copyright © 2012 UICC.

PMID:
22287205
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3375399
Free PMC Article
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