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Eur Addict Res. 2012;18(2):91-6. doi: 10.1159/000334614. Epub 2012 Jan 28.

Subculture affiliation is associated with substance use of adolescents.

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  • 1Graduate School Kosice Institute for Society and Health, Medical Faculty, P.J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovak Republic.


Youth subcultures (hip-hop, punk, skinhead, techno scene, metal) are known for specific lifestyles, music preferences, shared values and behaviours of their members. The aim of this study was to assess the association between subculture affiliation and substance use (tobacco, alcohol and cannabis), and whether gender, family affluence and substance use by peers explain this association. Subculture affiliation was significantly associated with substance use (OR/95% CI: smoking 3.13/2.30-4.24; drinking 2.58/1.95-3.41; drunkenness 2.02/1.54-2.66; cannabis use 2.42/1.46-4.00). Only a part of this risk runs via gender, family affluence and peer substance use. Health promotion should be targeted in particular at adolescents with a subculture affiliation as they are at higher risk of substance use.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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