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Res Vet Sci. 2012 Oct;93(2):811-2. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.01.002. Epub 2012 Jan 27.

Meningoencephalitis caused by Naegleria fowleri in cattle of northeast Brazil.

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  • 1Veterinary Hospital, Federal University of Campina Grande, Patos, Paraíba, Brazil.


Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis is an acute disease of the central nervous system of humans and animals caused by Naegleria fowleri. This report describes a case of meningoencephalitis caused by N. fowleri in a crossbred, one-year-old bovine with progressive neurological signs. At necropsy there was thickening of the meninges and multifocal areas of malacia in the thalamus, caudal and rostral colliculi, parietal and occipital cortex, and cerebellum. Histologically there was multifocal necrosupurative meningoencephalitis associated with areas of malacia containing amoebic trophozoites. Immunohistochemistry of the brain was positive for N. fowleri. The disease should be included among the differential diagnosis of diseases of the central nervous system in cattle in areas where animals are exposed to hot, stagnant water.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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