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J Med Chem. 2012 Mar 8;55(5):2242-50. doi: 10.1021/jm201506e. Epub 2012 Feb 17.

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 1-[(2-benzyloxyl/alkoxyl)methyl]-5-halo-6-aryluracils as potent HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors with an improved drug resistance profile.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Biology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.


Because the emergence of drug-resistant mutants has limited the efficacy of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), it is essential to develop new antivirals with better drug resistance and pharmacokinetic profiles. Here we designed and synthesized a series of 1-[(2-benzyloxyl/alkoxyl)methyl]-5-halo-6-aryluracils, the HEPT analogues, and evaluated their biological activity using nevirapine and 18 (TNK-651) as reference compounds. Most of these compounds, especially 6b, 7b, 9b, 11b, and 7c, exhibited highly potent anti-HIV-1 activity against both wild-type and NNRTI-resistant HIV-1 strains. Compound 7b, which had the highest selectivity index (SI = 38 215), is more potent than nevirapine and 18. These results suggest that the introduction of a halogen at the C-5 position may contribute to the effectiveness of these compounds against RTI-resistant variants. In addition, meta substituents on the C-6 aromatic moiety could significantly enhance activity against NNRTI-resistant HIV-1 strains. These compounds can be further developed as next-generation NNRTIs with an improved antiviral efficacy and drug-resistance profile.

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