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Cell Calcium. 2012 Feb;51(2):194-206. doi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2012.01.001. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

Novel pharmacological TRPC inhibitors block hypoxia-induced vasoconstriction.

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  • 1Rudolf-Boehm-Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Leipzig, Härtelstrasse 16-18, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

The Ca(2+)-permeable, nonselective cation channel TRPC6 is gated via phospholipase C-activating receptors and has recently been implicated in hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Therefore, TRPC6 is a promising target for pharmacological interference. To identify and develop TRPC6-blocking compounds, we screened the Chembionet library, a collection of 16,671 chemically diverse drug-like compounds, for biological activity to prevent the 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol-triggered Ca(2+) influx in a stably transfected HEK(TRPC6-YFP) cell line. Hits were validated and characterised by fluorometric and electrophysiological methods. Six compounds displayed inhibitory potency at low micromolar concentrations, lack of cytotoxicity and blocked the receptor-dependent mode of TRPC6 activation. The specificity was tested towards closely (TRPC3 and TRPC7) and more distantly related TRP channels. One of the compounds, 8009-5364, displayed a 2.5-fold TRPC6-selectivity compared to TRPC3, and almost no inhibition of TRPC7 or the other TRP channels tested. Block of native TRPC3/6-like responses was confirmed in dissociated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Two non-polar blockers effectively suppressed the HPV responses in the perfused mouse lung model. We conclude that pharmacological targeting of TRPC6 is feasible and provide a promising concept to treat pulmonary diseases that are characterised by excessive hypoxic vasoconstriction.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22280812
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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