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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2011 Oct;32(10):2937-42.

[Degradation effect and mechanism of 2,4-DNT by reduction-ZPF catalytic oxidation].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1College of Environmental and Safety Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China.


ZPF(zeoliteartificial pillared by alpha-FeOOH) which prepared in the laboratory and characterized by FTIR and XRD was used as catalyst, and was tested for its activity in catalytic H2O2, of 2,4-DNT, which is persistent and difficult to be degraded in groundwater. The degradation of 2,4-DNT was examined at different pHs in the reduction, catalytic oxidation and combination technology of reduction-catalytic oxidation reaction systems. Moreover, the removal effect of 2,4-DNT was compared by these three approaches and the catalytic oxidation mechanism was analyzed. The results demonstrated that the removal effect of 2,4-DNT reduced to 2,4-DAT was up to 96.6% in 120 min at pH = 5, which was 1.2, 2.0 times of the rate at pH 7, pH 9 respectively. The catalytic effect was various at different pHs and more significant when the pH close to the zero point of charge of alpha-FeOOH. The order of removal effect of 2,4-DNT at different pHs was pH = 7 > pH = 9 > pH = 5. Compared to single reduction or catalytic oxidation, the removal effect of combination technology was 57.4%, which was evidently improved on the base of 2,4-DNT reduced to 2,4-DAT. The degradation of 2,4-DNT in the presence of ZPF/H2O2 follows a first-order kinetic model and the k(obs) was 0.002 7 min(-1). Due to the concentration of dissolved Fe ion was far less than 0.07 mmol/L, the mechanism was heterogeneous Fenton reaction acting on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore the combination technology was superior to the single treatment of reduction or catalytic oxidation.

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