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Afr Health Sci. 2011 Sep;11(3):334-40.

Factorial validation and reliability analysis of the Brain Fag Syndrome Scale.

Author information

  • 1Department of Behavioural Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Nigeria. wobola@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Brain fag is an indigenous psychopathology or culture-bound syndrome formally documented in Nigeria in the 1960's by Raymond Prince.

OBJECTIVE:

The need for a factorial examination of the scale to ensure factorial validity and also to examine the reliability of this screening scale.

METHODS:

Two hundred thirty four (234) participants with ages between 11 - 20 years with a mean age of 14.20 and a Standard Deviation of 2.14 of which 114 were from a private secondary school and 120 from a public secondary school were randomly selected and administered the Brain Fag Syndrome Scale [BFSS]. The data was subjected to factor analysis using Principal Component Analysis with Oblim Rotation.

RESULTS:

Two valid factors emerged with items 1-3 and items 4, 5 & 7 loading on them respectively, making the BFSS a two-dimensional (multidimensional) scale which measures 2 aspects of brain fag [labeled burning sensation and crawling sensation respectively]. The reliability analysis yielded a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.521, and a standardized item alpha of 0.528 estimated its internal consistency. Also, the BFSS was correlated with other tests to establish its concurrent validity [convergent and divergent].

CONCLUSION:

BFSS is a valid and reliable two-dimensional instrument to assess brain fag syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Brain Fag; Culture-bound syndrome; Students; Validation

PMID:
22275921
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3261013
Free PMC Article
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