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Chirurg. 2012 Jul;83(7):652-6. doi: 10.1007/s00104-011-2230-5.

[Wound healing complications in smokers, non-smokers and after abstinence from smoking].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Hand-, Plastische und Rekonstruktive Chirurgie, Schwerbrandverletztenzentrum Klinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, BG-Unfallklinik Ludwigshafen, Ludwig-Guttmann-Str. 13, 67071, Ludwigshafen, Deutschland. olegoertz@gmx.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The pulmonary and cardiovascular ramifications of smoking are well documented and this also applies to increased wound healing complications in smokers. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether preoperatively refraining from smoking would affect the incidence of wound healing disorders.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Between 2006 and 2008 a total of 295 patients underwent aesthetic (n = 167) or reconstructive surgery (n = 128). They were divided into three groups: A (n = 98) non-smokers for at least 2 years, B (n = 99) patients who refrained from smoking 6 weeks prior to surgery and C (n = 98) smokers. Smoking abstinence was verified by cotinine tests. Wound healing complications were defined as dehiscent wounds, wound infections, atypical scar formation and adiponecrosis.

RESULTS:

Smokers developed wound healing complications in 48.2% of cases, non-smokers in 21.0% and patients who had stopped smoking for 6 weeks in 30.8% of cases (p = 0.006).

CONCLUSION:

Elective surgery should only be performed on non-smokers and smokers who had refrained from smoking for at least 6 weeks to reduce wound healing complications as far as possible.

PMID:
22273854
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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