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Oncology. 2011;81(5-6):403-9. doi: 10.1159/000335000. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Enrollment in clinical trials correlates with improved survival in metastatic melanoma.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although the current median survival time of stage-IV melanoma patients is less than 12 months, there is a subset of patients who experience long-term survival. Due to poor response rates to standard cytotoxic agents in metastatic melanoma, patients are encouraged to participate in clinical trials, the overall impact of which has not been studied, however. The aim of our study was to identify the factors associated with long-term survival and to determine the impact of clinical trial enrollment on patient outcome.

METHODS:

We studied stage-IV melanoma patients prospectively enrolled at New York University Medical Center from 2002-2008. Associations between clinicopathologic variables and overall post-stage-IV survival were examined. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to identify univariate predictors of post-stage-IV survival and the independent effect of these variables was assessed in a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model. The associations between clinicopathologic variables and long-term survival status (≥2 vs. <2 years) were examined by χ(2) analysis and the independent effect of these variables on the latter was assessed in a multivariate logistic regression model.

RESULTS:

Site of metastasis, treatment (systemic vs. localized) and pretreatment lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level independently correlated with post-stage-IV survival. Participation in clinical trials and normal LDH levels were associated with a long-term survival of ≥2 years.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest that enrollment in clinical trials independently correlates with prolonged survival after a diagnosis of stage IV melanoma.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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