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Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Feb 15;20(4):1442-60. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.12.058. Epub 2012 Jan 5.

Angiogenesis inhibitors identified by cell-based high-throughput screening: synthesis, structure-activity relationships and biological evaluation of 3-[(E)-styryl]benzamides that specifically inhibit endothelial cell proliferation.

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  • 1Kamakura Research Laboratories, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 200 Kajiwara, Kamakura, Kanagawa 247-8530, Japan. hadakht@chugai-pharm.co.jp

Abstract

Proliferation of endothelial cells is critical for angiogenesis. We report orally available, in vivo active antiangiogenic agents which specifically inhibit endothelial cell proliferation. After identifying human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation inhibitors from a cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS), we eliminated those compounds which showed cytotoxicity against HCT116 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) inhibitory activity. Evaluations in human Calu-6 xenograft model delivered lead compound 1. Following extensive lead optimization and alteration of the scaffold we discovered 32f and 32g, which both inhibited the proliferation and tube formation of HUVEC without showing inhibitory activity against any of 25 kinases or cytotoxicity against either normal fibroblasts or 40 cancer cell lines. Upon oral administration, 32f and 32g had good pharmacokinetic profiles and potent antitumor activity and decreased microvessel density (MVD) in Calu-6 xenograft model. Combination therapy with a VEGFR inhibitor enhanced the in vivo efficacy. These results suggest that 32f and 32g may have potential for use in cancer treatment.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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