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Bioresour Technol. 2012 Mar;108:203-10. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.12.147. Epub 2012 Jan 8.

The combination of glycerol metabolic engineering and drug resistance marker-aided genome shuffling to improve very-high-gravity fermentation performances of industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 Zhejiang, PR China.


A challenge associated with the ethanol productivity under very-high-gravity (VHG) conditions, optimizing multi-traits (i.e. byproduct formation and stress tolerance) of industrial yeast strains, is overcome by a combination of metabolic engineering and genome shuffling. First, industrial strain Y12 was deleted with a glycerol exporter Fps1p and hetero-expressed with glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, resulting in the modified strain YFG12 with lower glycerol yield. Second, YFG12 was subjected to three rounds of drug resistance marker-aided genome shuffling to increase its ethanol tolerance, and the best shuffled strain TS5 was obtained. Compared with wild strain Y12, shuffled strain TS5 not only decreased glycerol formation by 14.8%, but also increased fermentation rate and ethanol yield by 3.7% and 7.6%, respectively. Moreover, the system of genetic modification and Cre/loxP in aid of three different drug-resistance markers presented in the study significantly improved breeding efficiency and will facilitate the application of breeding technologies in prototrophic industrial microorganisms.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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