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Clin Biochem. 2012 Mar;45(4-5):345-51. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2011.12.026. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Four-channel asymmetric Real-Time PCR hybridization probe assay: a rapid pre-screening method for critical BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, University Hospital of Son Espases, Carretera Valldemossa no. 79, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.



Within the laboratory protocols, used for the study of BCR-ABL resistance mutations in chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with Imatinib, direct sequencing remains the reference method. Since the incidence of patients with a mutation-related loss of response is not very high, it is very useful in the routine laboratory to perform a fast pre-screening method.


With this in mind, we have designed a new technique, based on a single Real-Time FRET-based PCR, followed by a study of melting peaks. This new tool, developed in a LightCycler 2.0, combines four different fluorescence channels for the simultaneous detection, in a single close tube, of critical mutations within the ABL kinase domain.


Assay evaluation performed on 33 samples, previously genotyped by sequentiation, resulted in full concordance of results.


This new methodology detects in a few steps the presence of critical mutations associated to Imatinib resistance.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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