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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012 Mar;38(3):432-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2011.12.011. Epub 2012 Jan 21.

High-frequency ultrasound for in vivo measurement of colon wall thickness in mice.

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  • 1Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, St. James's University Hospital, Leeds United Kingdom.

Abstract

Mouse models are becoming increasingly important in the study of molecular mechanisms of colorectal disease and in the development of novel therapeutics. To enhance this phase of preclinical research, cost-effective, easy to use noninvasive imaging is required to detect and monitor changes in the colon wall associated with disease pathology. This study investigated the feasibility of using 40-MHz (high frequency) B-mode ultrasound (HF-US) to image the normal mouse colon and measure its thickness in vivo by establishing a robust imaging protocol and conducting a blinded comparison of colon wall thickness (CWT) measurement between and within operators. The in vivo and ex vivo appearance of mouse colon under HF-US revealed distinct patterns. Colon wall thickness was reproducibly and accurately measured using HF-US compared with histology measurement. The technique was more sensitive in detecting changes in CWT in distal than proximal colon as it showed the highest level of inter- and intraoperator reproducibility. Using the protocol described, it is possible to detect changes in thickness of 0.09 mm and 0.25 mm in distal and proximal colon, respectively. In conclusion, HF-US provides an easy to use and noninvasive method to perform anatomical investigations of mouse colon and to monitor changes in CWT.

Copyright © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22266235
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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