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Cell. 2012 Jan 20;148(1-2):59-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.12.013.

Genome sequencing of pediatric medulloblastoma links catastrophic DNA rearrangements with TP53 mutations.

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  • 1European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstr. 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Genomic rearrangements are thought to occur progressively during tumor development. Recent findings, however, suggest an alternative mechanism, involving massive chromosome rearrangements in a one-step catastrophic event termed chromothripsis. We report the whole-genome sequencing-based analysis of a Sonic-Hedgehog medulloblastoma (SHH-MB) brain tumor from a patient with a germline TP53 mutation (Li-Fraumeni syndrome), uncovering massive, complex chromosome rearrangements. Integrating TP53 status with microarray and deep sequencing-based DNA rearrangement data in additional patients reveals a striking association between TP53 mutation and chromothripsis in SHH-MBs. Analysis of additional tumor entities substantiates a link between TP53 mutation and chromothripsis, and indicates a context-specific role for p53 in catastrophic DNA rearrangements. Among these, we observed a strong association between somatic TP53 mutations and chromothripsis in acute myeloid leukemia. These findings connect p53 status and chromothripsis in specific tumor types, providing a genetic basis for understanding particularly aggressive subtypes of cancer.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

  • Shattered details. [Nat Rev Cancer. 2012]
  • Genomic instability: Shattered details. [Nat Rev Genet. 2012]
PMID:
22265402
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3332216
Free PMC Article

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