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Atherosclerosis. 2012 Mar;221(1):160-8. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.12.027. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Functionality of postprandial larger HDL2 particles is enhanced following CETP inhibition therapy.

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  • 1INSERM UMRS939, Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, France.



To evaluate the impact of CETP inhibition on the capacity of individual postprandial HDL subspecies to promote key steps of the reverse cholesterol transport pathway.


The capacity of HDL particles to mediate cellular free cholesterol efflux and selective hepatic uptake of cholesteryl esters was evaluated throughout postprandial phase (0-8 h) following consumption of a standardised mixed meal before and after treatment for 6 weeks with atorvastatin alone (10 mg/d) and subsequently with combination torcetrapib/atorvastatin (60/10 mg/d) in 16 patients displaying low HDL-C levels (<40 mg/dl).


The larger HDL2b and HDL2a subfraction displayed a superior capacity to mediate cellular free cholesterol efflux via both SR-BI and ABCG1-dependent pathways than smaller HDL3 subspecies. CETP inhibition specifically enhanced the capacity of HDL2b subfraction for both SR-BI and ABCG1 dependent efflux. However, only the SR-BI-dependent efflux to HDL2b subspecies can be further enhanced during postprandial lipemia following CETP inhibition. Concomitantly, postprandial lipemia was associated with a reduced capacity of total HDL particles to deliver cholesteryl esters to hepatic cells in a drug independent manner.


CETP inhibition specifically improves postprandial SR-BI and ABCG1-dependent efflux to larger HDL2b subspecies. In addition, CETP inhibition improves HDL-CE delivery to hepatic cells and maintains an efficient direct return of cholesteryl esters to the liver during postprandial lipemia.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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