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Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2012 Jan 19;4(1):1. doi: 10.1186/1758-5996-4-1.

Ten-week lifestyle changing program reduces several indicators for metabolic syndrome in overweight adults.

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  • 1Department of Public Health - Medical School - Sao Paulo State University - UNESP, Brazil. burini@fmb.unesp.br.

Abstract

We aim to investigate the effectiveness of a 10-week lifestyle intervention focusing on physical activity and high fiber intake for reducing indicators for metabolic syndrome in overweight-obese individuals. A prospective study of 50 overweight (OW) adults (22 in the general educational group - G1; 28 in the high fiber nutrition group - G2) was performed. Both groups were offered dietary counseling and supervised exercise. Clinical, anthropometric, dietary and plasma biochemical tests were performed at baseline - time 0 (T0) and after 10 weeks - time 1 (T1). Both groups improved their dietary quality, but only G2 presented higher intake of fruit and vegetables (servings/day), higher plasma β-carotene levels and a 24% reduction of MetS incidence. Additionally G2 showed greater reductions in body fat (4%), and waist circumference (7%), obesity class III (2%) and obesity class II (14%) rate. Lifestyle intervention, including a high dietary fiber intake, improved healthy eating index and decreased body fat composition and plasma lipid concentrations leading to MetS incidence reduction.

PMID:
22260334
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3292974
Free PMC Article
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